Ngo Registration Process in Mumbai, Maharashtra

NGO registration in Mumbai, Maharashtra

If Mumbai is the business as well as financial capital of the India, Pune is also one of the major cities in the state capital of Maharashtra. Mumbai houses the headquarters or registered offices of various major corporate and financial institutions whereas Pune also has various corporate offices and Educaional institutions. Mumbai is also the epicenter for some of the important industries like film industry and capital markets. Being the financial capital, it also hosts head quarters for various Banks, stock exchanges and other financial power houses. To further attract industries to the Mumbai, Pune or other parts of Maharashtra, the state government established Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC). Mumbai has port like JNPT (Jawahar Lal Nehru Port Trust) and Mumbai port that facilitates the import and export very easily from the surrounding areas like Bhiwandi, Taloja, Navi Mumbai, Thane, etc. Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) is one of the largest container port in India with connection to 34 Container Freight Stations (CFS) along with 46 Inland Container Depots (ICD).

Few of the major industries in the state of Maharashtra are textiles, petro chemicals, automobile or auto components, mechanical and machinery, chemicals, electrical and white goods, transport, mining and metallurgy. Maharashtra is the hub for manufacturing of automobiles and auto components. Maharashtra is the 3rd largest state in India with coastline of 720 km along with 55 amll or large sized ports. These ports enables more than 20% of the total cargo transport in India. Maharashtra has a good presence of industrial clusters, especially automobile, IT & ITeS, chemicals, textiles and food processing clusters and offers lucrative investment opportunities in these sectors. Maharashtra’s Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) for 2019-20 is expected to be $411.23 bn.

Maharashtra has ranked #1 in Export Preparedness Index in 2020. Moreover, the state has attracted over $7.2 Bn of Foreign Direct Investments during Oct’19-Mar’20.As per the latest report by World Bank, Maharashtra state ranked at 13th out of 36 states in terms of ease of doing business ranking. Mumbai is a leading city for business to start not only in Maharashtra but in the India as well. 

We often come across various charitable organizations in Mumbai, Maharashtra working for the welfare of various sections of society with different aims and objectives such as upliftment of the poor, child education, gender equality, employment generation, encouragement to sports or any other subject etc. with names along with letters like “Sangathan, Forum, Foundation, Trust etc. and others and are primarily involved in welfare activities apart from the Government welfare activities are Non-Governmental Organizations or the NGOs.

Thus, Non –Governmental Organizations in Mumbai, Maharashtra are primarily registered or incorporated under law in different forms depending upon various factors like the size of the organization or the level of operations etc. and have their existence and work operations apart from the Government of Mumbai, Maharashtra.

Provided below are some salient features of Non-Governmental Organizations in Mumbai, Maharashtra-

  1. NGOs hold and carry out their society welfare objectives voluntarily and do have their existence separate and independent from the Government bodies , however they may choose to work in close association with the Government bodies to support in objectives matching one or more of their goals.
  2. NGOs may choose any social, moral, religious or political objective that may include any one or more of the following-
    • Upkeeping Human Rights
    • Advancement of any subject such as Sports/science/arts/ or research in any similar subject;
    • Aid in Human Health & related facilities
    • Gender Equality & prevention of rights
    • Prevention of women from abuse & their empowerment
    • Supporting child education & their employment etc. and more
  1. Registration of a NGO in Mumbai, Maharashtra legally makes it a legal person in the eyes of law which helps them to get better exposure and innumerable benefits like tax exemptions, donations and aid from Government and business corporations, less probable to corrupt practices like diversion of funds etc. with a higher sense of responsibility to fulfil their objectives in the prescribed area and to later expand their operations in other areas too, which is not possible in case of unregistered NGOs.

Forms of NGO Registration in Mumbai, Maharashtra

As provided above, registering a NGO in Mumbai, Maharashtra has multiple benefits to offer for the organization, who wishes to start a non-profit business of his/her own. Such individual can decide to opt for any one legal arrangement as provided below-

  • As a Company with non-profit motive i.e. a Section 8 company;
  • As a trust for public welfare under the Indian Trust Act 1882;
  • As a society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860

Ngo Registration Process in Mumbai, MaharashtraBenefits of NGO Registration in Mumbai, Maharashtra-

  • Tax Benefits offered to NGOs

A NGO when registered as a Section 8 company under the provisions of the Companies Act in Mumbai, Maharashtra , with non-profit motive is allowed several tax benefits in the form of tax exemptions, so that the NGOs in Mumbai, Maharashtra have more capital to be incurred towards its goals and objectives.

  • No Minimum Requirement for Capital

To encourage the establishment and registration of NGOs in the society in Mumbai, Maharashtra, the Government has relaxed the provisions regarding the minimum capital requirement for NGOs which is applicable in case of other legal entities, which means that anyone can start a NGO with any amount of capital.

  • Limited Liability

A NGO being a legal entity in Mumbai, Maharashtra enjoys limited liability and has its separate existence apart from its members, which means that it can hold and sell properties in its own name and the profits and losses are of its own rather than its members.

  • Easier Transferability of Ownership Rights

A NGO where registered as a section 8 company as per the provisions of the Companies Act 2013, has been relaxed from the requirement of putting any restriction in the transferability of its ownership rights, which ensures easier liquidity to members when in need of funds.

  • Stamp Duty Exemptions

Further, when a NGO is registered as a Section 8 company i.e. with a non-profit motive, they are exempted from the payment of stamp –duty helping them to save funds for charitable objectives or availability of more funds for the daily functioning of the company.

  • Perpetual Succession

Being a legal entity, a NGO can enjoy other benefits of a legal entity such as perpetual succession which means that its members may come and go, but it will remain in existence until and unless it is finally dissolved under the provisions of law.

Process of Registration of NGO in Mumbai, MaharashtraProcess of Registration of NGO in Mumbai, Maharashtra

As provided above, a NGO could be registered in any manner or arrangement out of the following and in the manner provided below-

  • Registration as a Society

A society is a body corporate that is found and registered primarily for the promotion or advancement of any religious, scientific or any charitable objective by association of any seven or more persons for any non-profit motive. Such society is required to be registered as per the provisions of the Society Registration Act 1860 and is required to comply with the rules and regulations accordingly.

To register a NGO as a society in Mumbai, Maharashtra, the applicant must follow the steps provided below-

Step 1- Choose a desirable name for the society that should not be-

  • Identical or resemble too nearly the name of any existing society that is registered under the Society Act;
  • Indicate any patronage or direct relationship with any State Government or the Central Government of Mumbai, Maharashtra;
  • Any name prohibited or restricted to be applied as the name of a legal entity as per the provisions of the Emblem and Names Act, 1950.

Step 2- Collection of Documents and submission for registration in Mumbai, Maharashtra-

Next, the proposed applicant society shall be required to collect all necessary documents and drafting of memorandum & articles of association defining its goals and objectives along with the applicable rules and regulations which the society shall always abide by till the time of its dissolution. Once all documents have been prepared and collected, they must be submitted for registration proposes to the Registrar of Societies within the jurisdiction of the area where the society is proposed to be located along with the applicable fee.

Step 3- Verification & Grant of Registration for NGO in Mumbai, Maharashtra

Where the Registrar of Societies will go through the application and attached documents and on being satisfied that all the requirements have been fulfilled, he may issue the Certificate of Registration of Society with a unique NGO Registration number.

  • Registration as a Trust

As per the provisions of the IndianTrust Act, a trust is an obligation placed by the owner of the property on a third person for the benefit or his welfare or for the welfare of the beneficiary and such obligations are declared or expressed by such owner in a legal instrument known as trust deed. While a trust may be private or public in nature, it is generally a public trust that is in the form a NGO for any charitable, social or for religious motive.

If the proposed NGO wishes to be registered as a trust, the steps mentioned below shall be completed-

  • Collection & Preparation of Documents

Any individual who wishes to start a “public trust” is known as author of trust and shall be required to make an application and later submit the application along with necessary documents and fee to the registering authority where the office is intended to be located in Mumbai, Maharashtra.

Such application must include-

  • Proposed name of the NGO;
  • Name/s of the Author of the trust and the proposed mode of succession;
  • Copy of drafted trust deed containing the intention of such settlor for the creation of a public trust and defining its objective.
  • Trust Registration and Stamp duty fee as applicable depending upon the State where the trust is proposed to be located.
  • Submission of Application & Grant of Registration in Mumbai, Maharashtra

On receipt of the application, the registering authority shall go through the application and the documents. On being satisfied that all the requirements have been complied with, he may grant registration of trust and will issue a registration certificate bearing a unique registration number which will be required to be preserved in good manner by the trustee.

  • Registration as a Non-Profit Company in Mumbai, Maharashtra

A NGO could be registered as a Section 8 Company or commonly known as a Non-Profit organization as per the provisions of the Companies Act 2013.Such companies are incorporated in a manner similar to a public or private company, except the fact that they primarily work for social welfare objectives such as promotion of education, arts, science, research or any similar one, rather than for the purpose of generation of profits.

Such Non-Profit organizations in Mumbai, Maharashtra are not allowed to distribute profits or incomes with its members in form of dividends or in any other manner, and the same shall be reinvested in the NPO in the furtherance of its objectives.

If the applicant wishes to register its NGO as a Section 8 company, he shall be required to follow the below-mentioned steps-

Step 1- Create a user id and password on the MCA portal

As a first step towards the process of registration, the applicant shall provide his basic details such as registered email address and mobile number for creation of user id and password and log on to the portal provided by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) for registration purposes.

Step 2- Filling online form along with necessary attachments

The MCA has introduced a new integrated form that serves for incorporation as well as other necessary permissions and licenses required by a newly proposed company such as –

  • Application for Digital Signature Certificate for affixing signatures of the authorised signatory of the proposed company;
  • Application for Reservation of Unique name (RUN facility) providing at least two proposed names
  • Application for PAN & TAN identity of the company;
  • Application for PF & ESI registration for employees and
  • Application for GST registration
  • Opening a current Bank Account opening for business transaction purposes.

Therefore, in the next step the applicant shall be required to fill SPICe+ form which is available in Part A and Part B along with all required information and attachments. The name of the proposed NPO shall include words like Forum, Federation, and Association, Snagathan etc. along with such name, to suggest its non-profit motive and submit the application online along with registration fees.

Step 3: Verification of the Form and Grant of Certificate

The application shall be submitted to the applicable Registrar of Companies, who shall go through the application along with other attachments and on being satisfied that all the requirements with respect to incorporation of the company have been complied with, may issue a Certificate of Incorporation.

  • Documents Required for NGO registration in Mumbai, Maharashtra

For Society Registration

  • Proposed Name of the Society
  • Address of the premises where the Society is proposed to be situated
  • Proof of identication of the proposed members
  • Copy of objectives and Bye-laws of the proposed society in duplicate.

For Trust Registration

  • Intention of the Author of Trust as provided in Trust Deed;
  • Particulars of the author of trust along with other trustees;
  • Trust Deed on Proper Stamp Value.
  • PAN Card of Trustee and settlor.
  • Address proof of the place from where the trust is proposed be located;

For Incorporation as a Company

  • Copy of proof of identification of the proposed initial subscribers and directors of the company.
  • Scanned copy of utility bills of the place where business is proposed to be located
  • NOC from the owner where the business premises are rented or leased;
  • Copy of duly drafted MOA and AOA;


Therefore, NGOs are a crucial part of the society who make their contribution in the social, educational and moral welfare of the society. They not only help the Government in better implementation of the welfare schemes, but also do help to fill the gaps justify in the execution of Government policies and schemes. However, before undertaking the process of registration, it is important to understand each types of NGO registration in Mumbai, Maharashtra and choose the same depending upon the size of the organization, orientation type and other factors carefully with the help of a professional having credibility and years of experience in undertaking NGO registration and start your journey today!

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